* Indicates that Peace Action supports this legislation.
*H.Con.Res. 33 – Sponsor: Peter DeFazio (D-OR-4)
"Expressing the sense of Congress that the President should not
initiate military action against Iran without first obtaining
authorization from Congress."
Introduced: January 16, 2007
Cosponsors: 50 Democrats, see THOMAS
Summary: H.Con.Res. 33 references the U.S. Constitution and traces the
history of the war-making powers of the President to express the sense
of Congress that: 1) initiating a military attack against Iran falls
outside the President’s "Commander-in-Chief" constitutional authority;
2) the authorization of force resolution approved in response to the
attacks of September 11, 2001, does not extend to authorizing the
President to use force against Iran, including over its nuclear
program; 3) the authorization of force resolution approved to go to war
with Iraq does not extend to authorizing the President to use force
against Iran, including over its nuclear program; and 4) seeking
congressional authorization prior to taking military action against
Iran isn’t discretionary for the President, but a legal and
*H.Res. 163 – Sponsor: Rosa DeLauro (D-CT-3)
"Urging the collective judgment of both Congress and the President regarding the use of military force by the United States."
Introduced: February 14, 2007
Cosponsors: 8 Democrats, see THOMAS
Summary: H.Res. 163 expresses the sense of the House that the
Constitution provides that the President may act to defend the country
in an emergency, but reserves the matter of offensive war to Congress
and reaffirms congressional constitutional authority.
*H.J.Res. 14 – Sponsor: Walter Jones (R-NC-3)
"Concerning the use of military force by the United States against Iran."
Introduced: January 12, 2007
Cosponsors: 53 Democrats, 4 Republicans, see THOMAS
Summary: H.J.Res. 14 states that unless there is an “attack by Iran, or
a demonstrably imminent attack by Iran, upon the United States, its
territories or possessions or its armed forces,” the President must
consult with Congress and receive specific authorization prior to
initiating military force against Iran.
*H.R. 770 – Sponsor: Barbara Lee (D-CA-9)
"To prohibit the use of funds to carry out any covert action for the
purpose of causing regime change in Iran or to carry out any military
action against Iran in the absence of an imminent threat, in accordance
with international law and constitutional and statutory requirements
for congressional authorization."
Introduced: January 31, 2007
Cosponsors: 14 Democrats, see THOMAS
Summary: H.R. 770, also known as the "Iran Nuclear Nonproliferation
Act," expresses the sense of Congress that while Iran should put
enforceable safeguards on its nuclear facilities and stop supporting
international terrorist organizations, these two outcomes should not be
preconditions for diplomatic dialogue. H.R. 770 prohibits the use of
funds for “covert action for the purpose of causing regime change in
Iran or to carry out any military action against Iran in the absence of
an imminent threat."
H.R. 957 - Sponsor: Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL-18)
"To amend the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 to expand and clarify the entities against which sanctions may be imposed."
Introduced: February 8, 2007
Cosponsors: 10 Democrats, 12 Republicans, see THOMAS
Summary: H.R. 957 clarifies language in the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996,
modifying the definition of "trust" to include "financial institution,
insurer, underwriter, guarantor, any other business organization,
including any foreign subsidiaries" and adds "export credit agency" to
banned businesses while broadening the defintion of petroleum
production to include "petroleum by-products, [and] liquified natural
H.R. 394 – Sponsor: Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL-18)
"To provide for payment of certain claims against the Government of Iran."
Introduced: January 10, 2007
Cosponsors: 4 Democrats, 4 Republicans, see THOMAS
Summary: H.R. 394 revokes any provision of the Algiers Accords, entered
into by the U.S. with Iran on January 19, 1981, that "purports to bar a
citizen of the United States from prosecuting any claim in any court of
the United States or to limit the jurisdiction of any court of the
United States is hereby abrogated and deemed nonapplicable." H.R. 394
calls for the Secretaries of Treasury and State to commence payments
into a common fund no later than 90 days after the enactment of H.R.
394. The common fund will pay "claims to the Americans held hostage in
Iran, and to members of their families" by liquidating blocked Iranian
assets and by taking funds from the Iran Foreign Military Sales Fund
account within the Foreign Military Sales Fund.
H.Con.Res. 21 – Sponsor: Steven Rothman (D-NJ-9)
"Calling on the United Nations Security Council to charge Iranian
President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad with violating the 1948 Convention on the
Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide and the United
Nations Charter because of his calls for the destruction of the State
Introduced: January 9, 2007
Cosponsors: 46 Democrats, 28 Republicans, see THOMAS
Summary: H.Con.Res. 21 condemns Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's
"offensive remarks, contemptible statements, and reprehensible policies
aimed at the destruction of the State of Israel," and calls on the
United Nations Security Council to charge Ahmadinejad with violating
both the 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime
of Genocide and the United Nations Charter (Article 2, Section 4).
H.Con.Res. 21 goes on to urge the U.N. to take steps to prevent Iran
from obtaining nuclear weapons and reaffirms the U.S. "strategic
partnership" with Israel.
H.R. 1324 – Sponsor: Jim Saxton (R-NJ-3)
“To urge the Secretary of State to designate the Quds Force, a unit of
Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps, as a foreign terrorist
Introduced: March 5, 2007
Cosponsors: 2 Democrats, 6 Republicans, see THOMAS
Summary: H.R. 1324 uses Quds Force involvement in Iraq and with Hamas,
Hezbollah, and the Al Aqsa Martyr's Brigades to justify calling on the
Secretary of State to designate it a foreign terrorist organization
under section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C.
1189) in order to “focus attention on the threat this organization
poses to the United States and the international community.”
.Some of the research for this page was collected by Travis Sharp,
Herbert Scoville Jr. Peace Fellow, Center for Arms Control and
Submitted by AIFC on Wed, 02/20/2008 - 12:35pm.